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December 16, 2019 in UNESCO

UNESCO Global Geoparks

Sites Visited : 5/147

UNESCO describes Global Geoparks as "single, unified geographical areas where sites and landscapes of international geological significance are managed with a holistic concept of protection, education and sustainable development". Currently, the list includes 147 geoparks in 41 countries (List updated in December 2019). The four features that are fundamental to a UNESCO Global Geopark are:

UNESCO
Geological heritage
"In order to become a UNESCO Global Geopark, the area must have geological heritage of international value. This is assessed by scientific professionals, as part of the “UNESCO Global Geopark Evaluation Team”. Based on the international peer-reviewed, published research conducted on the geological sites within the area, the scientific professionals make a globally comparative assessment to determine whether the geological sites constitute international value."

Management
"UNESCO Global Geoparks are managed by a body having legal existence recognized under national legislation. This management body should be appropriately equipped to address the entire area and should include all relevant local and regional actors and authorities. UNESCO Global Geoparks require a management plan, agreed upon by all the partners, that provides for the social and economic needs of the local populations, protects the landscape in which they live and conserves their cultural identity. This plan must be comprehensive, incorporating the governance, development, communication, protection, infrastructure, finances, and partnerships of the UNESCO Global Geopark."

Visibility
"UNESCO Global Geoparks promote sustainable local economic development mainly through geotourism. In order to stimulate the geotourism in the area, it is crucial that a UNESCO Global Geopark has visibility. Visitors as well as local people need to be able to find relevant information on the UNESCO Global Geopark. As such, UNESCO Global Geoparks need to provide information via a dedicated website, leaflets, and detailed map of the area that connects the area’s geological and other sites. A UNESCO Global Geopark should also have a corporate identity."

Networking
"A UNESCO Global Geopark is not only about cooperation with the local people living in the UNESCO Global Geopark area, but also about cooperating with other UNESCO Global Geoparks through the Global Geoparks Network (GGN), and regional networks for UNESCO Global Geoparks, in order to learn from each other and, as a network, improve the quality of the label UNESCO Global Geopark. Working together with international partners is the main reason for UNESCO Global Geoparks to be a member of an international network such as the GGN. Membership of the GGN is obligatory for UNESCO Global Geoparks. By working together across borders, UNESCO Global Geoparks contribute to increasing understanding among different communities and as such help peace-building processes."


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  • Asia / Pacific (61)
  • Africa / Arab States (2)
  • Latin America / Caribbean (7)
  • Europe / North America (77)

China

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Alxa Desert630.37Nei MongolN38°51'25", E105°43'47"2015
02Arxan3653.21Nei MongolN38°51'25", E105°43'47"2017
03Dali-Cangshan933YunnanN25°46'48", E100°42'00"2015
04Danxiashan292GuangdongN25°02'25", E113°44'16"2015
05Dunhuang2067GansuN40°13'59", E092°52'60"2015
06Fangshan954BeijingN39°43'59", E115°55'02"2015
07Funiushan1522HenanN33°26'06", E112°10'53"2015
08Guangwushan-Nuoshuihe1818SichuanN32°18'42", E106°38'11"2018
09Hexigten1750Nei MongolN43°14'49", E117°30'12"2015
10Hong Kong150Hong KongN22°21'50", E114°22'30"2015
11Huanggang Dabieshan2625.54HubeiN30°43'46", E115°03'13"2018
12Huangshan160.6AnhuiN29°41'26", E118°19'34"2015
13Jingpohu1400HeilongjiangN43°58'23", E129°02'04"2015
14Jiuhuashan139.7Anhui2019
15Keketuohai2337.9Xinjiang UyghurN47°19'05", E090°01'35"2017
16Leiqiong3050HainanN19°56'37", E110°12'39"2015
17Leye Fengshan930Guangxi ZhuangN24°34'11", E106°44'26"2015
18Longhushan996.63JiangxiN28°06'04", E116°57'57"2015
19Lushan500JiangxiN29°33'30", E115°59'09"2015
20Mount Kunlun7033QinghaiN35°49'12", E94°52'48"2015
21Ningde2660.34FujianN26°39'41", E119°31'35"2015
22Qinling1074.85ShaanxiN33°51'05", E108°47'01"2015
23Sanqingshan229.5JiangxiN28°48'22", E117°58'20"2015
24Shennongjia1022.72HubeiN31°44'43", E110°40'52"2015
25Shilin350YunnanN24°45'20", E103°16'47"2015
26Songshan464HenanN34°29'22", E112°55'15"2015
27Taining492.5FujianN26°53'55", E117°10'36"2015
28Taishan158.63ShandongN36°16'01", E117°04'16"2015
29Tianzhusha413.14AnhuiN30°31'28", E117°03'31"2015
30Wangwushan-Daimeishan986HenanN35°15'57", E112°34'17"2015
31Wudalianchi720HeilongjiangN48°28'55", E126°12'10"2015
32Xingwen156SichuanN28°18'35", E105°03'19"2015
33Yandangshan298.8ZhejiangN28°21'07", E121°05'40"2015
34Yanqing620.38BeijingN40°42'53", E116°24'00"2015
35Yimengshan1804.76Shandong2019
36Yuntaishan556HenanN35°17'41", E113°14'58"2015
37Zhangjiajie398HunanN29°18'50", E110°26'24"2015
38Zhijindong Cave170GuizhouN26°45'00", E105°55'59"2015
39Zigong1630.46SichuanN29°19'29", E104°45'56"2015


Indonesia

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Batur370.5BaliS08°24'34", E115°22'30"2015
02Ciletuh-Palabuhanratu1260Jawa BaratS06°46'07", E106°31'34"2018
03Gunung Sewu1802Jawa TimurS08°02'38", E110°46'34"2015
04Rinjani-Lombok2800Nusa Tenggara BaratS08°12'10", E116°45'58"2018


Iran (Islamic Republic of)

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Qeshm Island2063HormozganN26°49'01", E055°54'38"2017


Japan

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Aso1198KumamotoN32°00'00", E131°00'00"2015
02Itoigawa750NiigataN37°49'55", E139°14'02"2015
03Izu Peninsula2027ShizuokaN34°32'42", E138°42'18"2018
04Mt. Apoi364.3HokkaidoN42°06'28", E143°01'31"2015
05Muroto248.2KochiN33°14'46", E134°10'38"2015
06Oki Islands673.5ShimaneN36°08'45", E133°10'19"2015
07San'in Kaigan2458HyogoN35°38'33", E134°40'50"2015
08Toya - Usu1181HokkaidoN42°35'29", E140°50'14"2015
09Unzen Volcanic Area459.52NagasakiN32°46'06", E130°20'41"2015


Republic of Korea

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Cheongsong845.71North GyeongsangN36°26'10", E129°03'2"2017
02Jeju Island1847JejuN33°29'59", E126°34'05"2015
03Mudeungsan1051South JeollaN35°08'03", E126°57'20"2018


Malaysia

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Langkawi478KedahN06°19'47", E099°48'56"2015


Thailand

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Satun2597SatunN07°05'55", E099°49'33"2018


Turkey

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Kula Volcanic300ManisaN38°36'34", E028°28'31"2015


Vietnam

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Dong Van Karst Plateau2356Hà GiangN23°11'32", E105°11'49"2015
02Non Nuoc Cao Bang3000Cao BằngN22°42'31", E106°19'55"2018


Morocco

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01M'Goun5730Drâa-TafilaletN31°30'00", W006°27'00"2015


United Republic of Tanzania

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Ngorongoro Lengai11886ArushaS01°40'43", E036°36'34"2018


Brazil

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Araripe3441CearáS07°13'46", W039°24'32'2015


Chile

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Kütralkura8053La Araucanía2019


Ecuador

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Imbabura4794.34Imbabura2019


Mexico

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Comarca Minera1848HidalgoN20°08'37", W098°40'26"2017
02Mixteca Alta415.4OaxacaN17°31'05", W097°20'32"2017


Peru

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Colca y Volcanes de Andagua6010.91ArequipaS15°56'00", W072°17'00"2019


Uruguay

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Grutas del Palacio3611FloresS33°16'44", W057°08'44"2015


Austria

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Ore of the Alps211SalzburgN47°22'12", E013°11'60"2015
02Styrian Eisenwurzen586Styria N47°04'12", E015°29'27"2015
03Karawanken / Karavanke *586CarinthiaN47°04'12", E015°29'27"2015


Belgium

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Famenne-Ardenne915Luxembourg N50°9'35", E005°13'20"2018


Canada

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Percé555QuebecN48°31'18", W064°13'01"2018
02Stonehammer2500New BrunswickN45°34'46", W065°32'40"2015
03Tumbler Ridge7822British ColumbiaN54°59'24", W121°22'48"2015


Croatia

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Papuk524Požega-SlavoniaN45°31'11", E017°46'04"2015
02Vis Archipelago6661Split-DalmatiaN43°02'46", E016°09'07"2019


Cyprus

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Troodos1147Limassol / NicosiaN34°58'49", E32°50'46"2015


Czechia

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Bohemian Paradise742KrálovéhradeckýN50°35'50", E15°07'02"2015


Denmark

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Odsherred355SjællandN55°49'48", E011°34'48"2015


Finland

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Rokua1326KainuuN64°34'43", E026°30'06"2015


France

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Beaujolais1550Auvergne-Rhône-AlpesN45°58'59", E004°43'00"2018
02Causses du Quercy1855OccitanieN44°34'19", E001°41'11"2017
03Chablais872Auvergne-Rhône-AlpesN46°22'25", E006°28'39"2015
04Haute-Provence2300Provence-Alpes-Côte d'AzurN44°06'31", E006°17'13"2015
05Luberon1953Provence-Alpes-Côte d'AzurN43°52'31", E005°26'08"2015
06Massif des Bauges856Auvergne-Rhône-AlpesN45°41'15", E006°06'21"2015
07Monts d'Ardèche2280Auvergne-Rhône-AlpesN44°38'06", E004°15'34"2015


Germany

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Bergstraße-Odenwald3500HesseN49°32'11", E008°34'07"2015
02Harz, Braunschweiger Land11500Sachsen-AnhaltN52°16'05", E010°49'57"2015
03Swabian Alb6688Baden-WürttembergN48°30'60", E009°24'15"2015
04TERRA.vita1560Lower SaxonyN52°15'60", E008°03'00"2015
05Vulkaneifel1220Rhineland-PalatinateN50°12'24", E006°50'10"2015
06Muskauer Faltenbogen (Muskau) *578.8BrandenburgN51°34'13", E014°43'35"2015


Greece

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Chelmos Vouraikos647PeloponneseN38°08'47", E022°10'18"2015
02Lesvos Island1636Northern AegeanN39°12'42", E025°51'18"2015
03Psiloritis1159CreteN35°17'32", E024°52'53"2015
04Sitia517CreteN35°10'01", E026°07'00"2015
05Vikos - Aoos1200EpirusN40°01'02", E020°42'43"2015


Hungary

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Bakony-Balaton3244VeszprémN46°58'35", E017°55'43"2015
02Novohrad-Nógrád *1587NógrádN48°09'58", E019°48'55"2015


Iceland

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Katla9542SuðurlandN63°37'50", W019°37'16"2015
02Reykjanes825SuðurnesN63°58'23", W022°31'00"2015


Ireland

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Burren & Cliffs of Moher530ClareN52°59'47", W009°23'21"2015
02Copper Coast50WaterfordN52°08'19", W007°20'32"2015
03Marble Arch Caves *180CavanN54°15'31", W007°30'53"2015


Italy

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Adamello-Brenta1188Trentino-Alto AdigeN46°07'09", E010°45'08"2015
02Alpi Apuani494ToscanaN44°02'28", E010°22'03"2015
03Beigua392LiguriaN44°25'41", E008°35'13"2015
04Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni1841CampaniaN40°16'50", E015°22'21"2015
05Madonie400SiciliaN37°52'00", E014°04'44"2015
06Parco Geominerario della Sardegna3800SardegnaN40°07'15", E008°33'50"2015
07Pollino1925Basilicata / CalabriaN39°55'52", E016°07'34"2015
08Sesia Val Grande2023PiemonteN45°59'28", E008°20'36"2015
09Rocca di Cerere1298SiciliaN37°30'53", E014°22'41"2015
10Tuscan Mining Park1087ToscanaN42°57'17", E010°50'32"2015


Netherlands

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01De Hondsrug1000DrentheN52°55'50", E006°49'31"2015


Norway

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Gea Norvegica3000Telemark / VestfoldN59°08'12", E009°59'51"2015
02Magma3000Rogaland / Vest-AgderN58°26'50", E006°03'08"2015
03Trollfjell10082Nordland2019


Poland

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Łuk Mużakowa (Muskau)*578.8LubuskieN51°34'13", E014°43'35"2015


Portugal

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Açores12884AçoresN37°44'28", W025°40'32"2015
02Arouca327AveiroN40°55'56", W008°14'42"2015
03Naturtejo da Meseta Meridional4624.4Castelo BrancoN39°48'16", W007°29'34"2015
04Terras de Cavaleiros700BragançaN41°32'24", W006°58'12"2015


Romania

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Haţeg1024HunedoaraN45°36'27", E023°22'44"2015


Slovakia

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Novohrad-Nógrád *1587BanskobystrickýN48°09'58", E019°48'55"2015


Slovenia

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Idrija294Idrija2015
02Karawanken / Karavanke *586TržičN47°04'12", E015°29'27"2015


Spain

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01Basque Coast89País VascoN43°17'45", W002°21'16"2015
02Cabo de Gata-Níjar500AndalucíaN36°47'22", W002°14'14"2015
03Central Catalonia1300CataluñaN42°28'00", E001°49'18"2015
04Conca de Tremp-Montsec2050CataluñaN41°10'01", W000°53'42"2018
05Courel Mountains577.85Galicia2019
06El Hierro595Islas Canarias N27°43'32", W018°01'27"2015
07Lanzarote and Chinijo Islands2500Islas CanariasN29°03'00", W013°35'60"2015
08Las Loras950.76Castilla y LeónN42°47'21", W004°15'44"2017
09Molina & Alto Tajo4520Castilla-La ManchaN39°16'46", W003°05'52"2015
10Sierra Norte de Sevilla1774.84AndalucíaN37°42'44", W005°38'04"2015
11Sierras Subbéticas320AndalucíaN37°14'52", W004°18'24"2015
12Sobrarbe-Pirineos2202AragónN42°22'07", E000°10'13"2015
13Villuercas Ibores Jara2544.4ExtremaduraN39°27'07", W005°19'39"2015


United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

#Site NameArea ((km2)LocationLocalisationDesignated
01English Riviera104South-West EnglandN50°27'22", W003°33'15"2015
02Fforest Fawr763WalesN51°55'51", W003°24'21"2015
03GeoMôn1800WalesN53°16'08", W004°20'03"2015
04North Pennines AONB1938North-East EnglandN54°47'17", W002°25'01"2015
05North-West Highlands2100ScotlandN58°08'09", W005°15'05"2015
06Shetland1468ScotlandN60°33'36", W001°05'55"2015
07Marble Arch Caves *180Northern IrelandN54°15'31", W007°30'53"2015


Notes

*: transboundary property